The task of the Monitoring and Verification Team is to monitor compliance by the Parties, and armed groups either under their control or invited to support them to the PCTSA. The MVTs patrol their areas of responsibility and gather information on potential violations which they immediately report to the CTSAMM HQ. This can include reports of military fighting, movements of forces, blockage of aid routes, forced recruitment of child soldiers and attacks on civilians, as well as inciting propaganda, movement of troops and other activities prohibited by the PCTSA
The CTSAMM can initiate investigations based on its own findings. Allegations of violations can also be submitted to the CTSAMM by the two Parties, by members of the public and communities, or third parties such as non-governmental and multilateral organizations.
Upon receipt of an allegation, the CTSAMM Chairperson initiates a preliminary investigation and may task an MVT field team to carry out further enquiries. This can include site visits, interviews with military forces, civil authorities, members of the public and humanitarian organizations. The MVT is entitled to visit any location and speak to anyone without hindrance. The Party representatives on the team can be present during all investigations and the majority of the decision-making processes.
The CTSAMM members review these findings and make recommendations as to whether or not they believe a violation has taken place. If the violation is substantiated, the CTSAMM Chairperson sends a consolidated report to the JMEC with recommendations as to what actions the parties are required to take. Once verified by the JMEC, the report is published. The JMEC can then engage the Parties and international community on follow-up action or disciplinary measures.