Operations

Investigating Violations

CTSAMVM’s Monitoring and Verification Teams (MVTs) monitor compliance by the Parties and armed groups, either under their control or invited to support them, to the Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements. The MVTs patrol their areas of responsibility and gather information on potential violations which they immediately report to the CTSAMVM Headquarters in Juba. This can include reports of military fighting, movements of forces, blockage of aid routes, forced recruitment of child soldiers and attacks on civilians, as well as inciting propaganda, movement of troops and other activities prohibited by the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities.

The CTSAMVM can initiate investigations based on its own findings. Allegations of violations can also be submitted to the CTSAMVM by the Parties, by members of the public and communities, or third parties such as non-governmental and multilateral organizations.

Upon receipt of an allegation, the CTSAMVM Chairperson initiates a preliminary investigation and may task an MVT to carry out further inquiries. This can include site visits, interviews with military forces, civil authorities, members of the public and humanitarian organizations. The MVT is entitled to visit any location and speak to anyone without hindrance.

Once an investigation is completed, the MVT compiles an investigation report which is sent to CTSAMVM Headquarters. Headquarters staff, including investigative and legal experts, then compile a violation report for the Chairman who determines if the report is forwarded to CTSAMVM’s Technical Committee and to CTSAMVM’s Board for further discussion.

The CTSAMVM Board, which includes members of the Signatory Parties and the international community as well as non political South Sudanese stakeholders, reviews the report’s findings and recommendations, and the Party members can be asked what action they are taking to ensure the avoidance of further conflict. The CTSAMVM Chairperson also sends the reports to RJMEC and the IGAD Council of Ministers. The reports are then published by RJMEC.

CTSAMVM in the Extended Pre-Transitional Period

During the extended Pre-Transitional Period, CTSAMVM will verify forces and their activities at cantonment sites; verify the necessary unified forces, their training and redeployment; continue to monitor and verify the status of the permanent ceasefire; and continue to report on the implementation of Chapter 2 of the R-ARCSS and promotion of CTSAMVM monitoring and verification activities at a broader level